Academic Resources

While discrimination in debate continues there have also been great efforts to raise awareness and promote positive change. Below is a reference list of academic articles that draw attention to the inequalities in debate. If you know of additional references that should be added to this list please email me at

Emery, E. (1952). Rehabilitating Women’s Debate. Southern Speech Journal, 17, 186-191.

Every, D., & Augoustinos, M. (2007). Constructions of racism in the Australian parliamentary debates on asylum seekers. Discourse & Society, 18(4), 411-436.

Johnson, A., & Bruschke, J. (1993). A research agenda for the study of women in debate: a framework and preliminary analysis. Conference Proceedings — National Communication Association/American Forensic Association (Alta Conference on Argumentation), 55-60.

McDonald, K. M., & Partlow, S. T. (2003). Guerilla Girls in Intercollegiate Debate: Testing the Liberal Model of the Public Sphere (Vol. 1, pp. 303-310): National Communication Association.

Panetta, E. M. (2001). Living the Land-Grant: A Service and Outreach Mission for the Contemporary Debate Program.  Conference Proceedings — National Communication Association/American Forensic Association (Alta Conference on Argumentation), 1, 228-235.

Preston Jr, C. T. (2006). The interconnectedness between intercollegiate policy debate and the urban debate leagues: from a distance, five years and change later.  Contemporary Argumentation & Debate, 27, 157-172.

Reid-Brinkley, S. R. (2012). Ghetto kids gone good: race, representation, and authority in the scripting of inner-city youths in the urban debate league. Argumentation & Advocacy, 49, 77-99.

Rogers, J. E., Rennels, A., Lockhart, C., McMillan, C., Soluade, A., & Ukabam, O. (2003). Interrogating the Myth of the “ISM”: An Analysis of Dominant and Subdominant Culturally Linked Perceptions and Engendered Motivations for Continued Participation in Intercollegiate Competitive Debate.  Forensic, 88(2), 1-26.

Schwartz-DuPre, R. L. (2006). Women in debate: from virtual to material.  Contemporary Argumentation & Debate, 27, 106-120.

Schwartz-DuPre, R. L. (2008). Women’s Debate Institute.  Conference Papers — National Communication Association, 1.

Shields, D. C. (2007). Chapter 4: the urban debate league rhetorical vision (pp. 157-193): Hampton Press.

Stepp, P. (1997). Can we make intercollegiate debate more diverse?  Argumentation & Advocacy, 33(4), 176.

Stepp, P. L., & Gardner, B. (2001). How well are we doing: has the sexual harassment policy in CEDA debate worked?  Contemporary Argumentation & Debate, 22, 22.

Szwapa, C. A. (1994). Sexual harassment and gender discrimination in NDT debate.  Argumentation & Advocacy, 31(1), 41.

Wade, M. L., Wade, M. M., & Heilmayr, D. P. (2009). Urban debate and prejudice reduction: the contact hypothesis in action.  Contemporary Argumentation & Debate, 30, 30-51.

Winkler, C. (2011). To Argue or to Fight: Improving At-risk Students’ School Conduct through Urban Debate.  Controversia, 7(2), 76-90.

Zompetti, J. P. (2004). Personalizing debating: diversity and tolerance in the debate community.  Contemporary Argumentation & Debate, 25, 26-39.